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In Bedor v. Johnson, the Colorado Supreme Court overruled prior holdings, and eliminated the sudden emergency doctrine.  Under the doctrine,  a person who, through no fault of his or her own, is placed in a sudden emergency is not chargeable with negligence if the person exercises that degree of care that a reasonably careful person would have exercised under the same or similar circumstances.  The Supreme Court reasoned the doctrine has minimal utility in light of the elimination of the contributory negligence defense, and that the doctrine unnecessarily repeats the “reasonable care under the circumstances” standard articulated in other pattern negligence instructions.

Bedor v. Johnson